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krblokhin/iStock(WASHINGTON) -- While many families were enjoying Christmas, an undercover FBI agent was communicating with a man who was suspected of plotting an attack on the White House, court documents show.

It was days after the government initially shut down and the agent was not getting paid. But the work resulted in the arrest of Hasher Jallal Taheb, a man in Georgia who federal authorities accused of plotting to attack several prominent locations in Washington, including the White House.

And now as the partial government shutdown is in its fourth week, federal employees are furloughed or not receiving pay for the work they are doing.

But agents and investigators from the FBI, Homeland Security and Secret Service are concerned they won't be reimbursed in a timely fashion for business expenses. Don Mihalek, the Secret Service representative to the Federal Law Enforcement Officers Association and an ABC News contributor, confirmed to ABC News that cash advances are not being given out and official credit cards are not being paid for through government invoice channels.

"The way that works is FBI agents have an FBI credit card but they have to pay the bill," FBI Agents Association spokesperson Paul Nathanson told ABC News. "These agents have to buy tickets to go overseas and they can't get reimbursed for that money. So not only are they not getting paid, they're putting out money for their jobs and not getting it back until the government opens."

John Cohen, a former acting undersecretary for Intelligence and Analysis at the Department of Homeland Security and an ABC News contributor, said the cost burden has caused low morale for agents.

"In conversations I'm having with law enforcement officials, the shutdown has reached the point where it could impact public safety," Cohen said.

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RoschetzkyIstockPhoto/iStock(TAOS, N.M.) -- Two skiers have been rescued after they were trapped in an avalanche at the Taos Ski Valley in New Mexico, according to officials from the ski resort.

The men were trapped for 22 minutes after the avalanche sent snow pummeling down a mountain around 11:45 a.m. local time on Tuesday, Chris Stagg, vice president of Taos Ski Valley, Inc., told ABC News.

Rescuers dug the skiers out and transported them to a local clinic, Stagg said. Their conditions are not known.

Two skiers have been rescued after they were trapped in an avalanche at the Taos Ski Valley in New Mexico, according to officials from the ski resort.

The men were trapped for 22 minutes after the avalanche sent snow pummeling down a mountain around 11:45 a.m. local time on Tuesday, Chris Stagg, vice president of Taos Ski Valley, Inc., told ABC News.

Rescuers dug the skiers out and transported them to a local clinic, Stagg said. Their conditions are not known.

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400tmax/iStock(CHICAGO) -- Three Chicago police officers have been found not guilty of falsifying details to cover up the shooting death of Laquan Mcdonald in 2014.

McDonald was shot 16 times by Chicago police officer Jason Van Dyke, who was found guilty of murder in October.

Det. David March, 60, and patrol officers Joseph Walsh 50, and Thomas Gaffney, 45, were each charged with conspiracy, official misconduct and obstruction of justice. A Cook County judge acquitted the officers of all charges.

The officers were accused of conspiring in the "critical early hours and days" after the shooting, according to court documents filed in Cook County in June 2017.

Prosecutors also accused the officers of coordinating their activities to protect each other and other members of the department by furnishing false information, making false police reports, failing to report or correct false information, ignoring contrary information or evidence, obstructing justice, failing to perform a mandatory duty and performing acts each knew were forbidden to perfect.

March, Walsh and Gaffney each opted for a bench trial, so the verdict was reached without a jury.

Cook County Judge Domenica Stephens found that prosecutors did not prove beyond a reasonable doubt that the officers’ reports and statements about what happened that night were knowingly false or that they constituted a coordinated effort to falsify accounts of the shooting.

Domenica also found that the officers followed requirements to preserve evidence and did not seek to conceal it.

The status of the officers' employment at the police department was not clear. A spokesman for the Chicago Police Department declined to provide a comment to ABC News.

The Chicago Fraternal Order of Police did not immediately respond to ABC News' request for comment.

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kali9/iStock(PHOENIX) -- A newborn baby girl has been found dead in the trash at an Amazon distribution center in Phoenix, according to police.

Authorities were told around 8:30 p.m. Wednesday that the newborn was discovered in the trash inside a women's bathroom, Phoenix Police Department officials said.

Fire department members responded to the bathroom -- which is inside Amazon's secured facility -- and confirmed the baby was dead, police said.

Investigators have found the baby's mother and spoke to her, police said. Authorities did not release the mother's name.

It's not clear if the baby was stillborn, police said.

"The investigation will continue in partnership with the Office of the Maricopa County Medical Examiner," police said in a statement Thursday.

"This is a terribly sad and tragic incident," an Amazon spokesperson said in a statement. "We are working with local authorities to support their investigation."

"The safety and wellness of our team is our top priority," the spokesperson added.

Arizona has a Safe Haven Law which aims to prevent newborns from being abandoned.

According to the Arizona Safe Haven Law, someone can anonymously leave a baby who is up to 3 days old with staff at any Arizona fire station, hospital, emergency medical provider or licensed private child welfare agency.

"As long as the child shows no signs of intentional abuse, no name or other information is required," the Safe Haven Law website says.

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Kativ/iStock(IRVINE, Calif.) -- "Someone's not breathing, they're not OK," a young man in Irvine, California, told a 911 dispatcher. "Their whole body is, like, blue right now."

A frantic 911 call was released in connection with the death of University of California-Irvine freshman Noah Domingo, who died at an off-campus home on Saturday.

The 911 caller said the 18-year-old, a member of the Sigma Alpha Epsilon fraternity, was found unconscious.

"Get him on the ground right now, hurry up!" the caller tells others in the room, and the dispatcher talks them through giving CPR.

The dispatcher asks why Domingo's unconscious, and the caller says, "He just drank. He just drank too much."

The caller is heard giving CPR, with instructions from the dispatcher. The call ended when firefighters arrived.

Domingo died at about 3:30 a.m. at a private residence in Irvine, the Orange County Coroner's Office told ABC News.

His "cause of death will be determined pending toxicology results after autopsy, which typically takes a few weeks," the coroner's office said Tuesday.

Domingo wanted to study kinesiology and become an NBA trainer, his father, Dale Domingo, told ABC Los Angeles station KABC.

The grieving father told KABC it was "devastating" to clear out his son's dorm room.

"First thing I did was grab his pillow and pretty much just cry and weep a little bit," he said.

SAE was placed on interim suspension as Irvine police officers investigate and the university reviews his death, said Edgar Dormitorio, UC Irvine interim vice chancellor of student affairs.

Mike Sophir, the CEO of SAE, said its headquarters also suspended UC Irvine's chapter operations during the review.

"We are heartbroken by the death of our UCI brother, Noah Domingo," Sophir said in a statement. "Our thoughts and prayers are with his family and friends, and we appreciate the support the university and its staff have provided to students in this difficult time."

Dormitorio said UC Irvine will also "examine the larger context in which this tragedy occurred" and work with the Greek community to make sure behavior aligns "with university policies and their own values."

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ABC News(NEW YORK) -- Almost 6 inches of rain just fell in central California and the southern part of the state has seen more than 4 inches, resulting in flooding and rockslides reportedly hitting cars.

Wind gusts of up to 98 mph also were reported in central California, and in the Bay Area, trees were toppled, with some falling on cars.

A second, stronger storm is continuing to batter the West Coast Thursday morning with 40-foot waves, heavy rain, damaging winds and heavy snow in higher elevations.

Winter storm watches have been issued in the Northeast, including Boston, which mainly is watching for the second of the two storms to move across the U.S.

The first of the two storms should hit the Northeast Thursday night and into Friday, bringing light snow -- 1 to 3 inches -- to areas including Washington, D.C., Philadelphia, New York and Boston.

Temperatures will be near freezing, and Friday commutes could prove quite slick.

The second storm is expected in the Northeast by Saturday night, delivering snow from D.C. up to Boston, with some of that snow changing to sleet as warmer air joins the system.

Further inland, some areas in western Pennsylvania and northern New York and New England may see several feet of snow.

Behind the storm, Arctic air is forecast to spill into the central U.S., with the coldest air of the season resulting in wind chills below zero for much of the Midwest and Great Lakes region.

This bitterly cold air will make it to the Northeast by Sunday night, into Monday, sending wind chills in some places below zero.

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Andy Cross/The Denver Post via Getty Images(DENVER) -- The search for evidence in the case of a missing Colorado mother authorities say was murdered by her fiancé now includes a landfill in Fountain, Colorado, ABC News has learned.

A spokeswoman for the Midway Landfill south of Colorado Springs confirmed the facility recently attracted the attention of investigators in the disappearance and presumed murder of 29-year old flight instructor Kelsey Berreth. Her body has not been found.

“The Colorado Bureau of Investigation contacted Waste Management of Colorado regarding a potential search at Midway Landfill and we are cooperating fully,” Waste Management spokeswoman Anne Spitza told ABC News on Wednesday.

Patrick Frazee, 32, described as Berreth’s fiancé and father of the couple’s 1-year-old daughter, has been charged with her murder.

Spitza declined to answer additional questions about the timing of any search or what investigators are looking for, referring all questions to the district attorney’s office handling the case.

The Midway landfill is a roughly 40-mile drive from Woodland Park, where Berreth was last publicly seen shopping on Thanksgiving Day. Police say Frazee was the last person to see Berreth before she vanished.

On Dec. 21, Frazee was arrested on first-degree murder charges and three charges of solicitation to commit murder, though prosecutors have declined to provide additional details. Frazee has not entered a plea and is due back in court on Feb. 19.

Representatives for district attorney Dan May and the Colorado Bureau of Investigation both declined to comment Wednesday.

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Pennsylvania State Police(PITTSBURGH) -- Police have found a 16-year-old girl safe and taken her ex-boyfriend into custody after she was allegedly kidnapped from her home Wednesday.

The teen, who is the niece of WWE Hall of Famer Kurt Angle, was brought to safety from a home where the boyfriend, 19-year-old Jermaine Rodgers, had holed up, according to Pittsburgh ABC affiliate WTAE-TV. A SWAT team went in and was able to apprehend Rodgers.

Angle confirmed she was found safe in a Facebook post at about 6 a.m. on Thursday.

"My niece has been found," he wrote. "Just wanted to say thank you to all those who have prayed and have shared posts to help locate her. Thank you to the Pittsburgh Police for your persistence in finding my niece. My family is truly appreciative. Love you all."

According to WTAE, another missing woman was also found in the house where Rodgers was hiding.

Angle made a heartfelt plea on social media Wednesday afternoon, asking fans to help search for his teenage niece.

"My beautiful 16-year-old niece Marjani Aquil got abducted today by a 19 year old guy. Please call the police if you have seen this girl," Angle said in a Facebook post late Wednesday.

In a subsequent post, the wrestling star and 1996 Olympics gold medalist thanked his followers for their encouraging words and urged them to "continue sharing" Aquil's story.

"Please continue sharing. Thank you all for your support," he said. "Uncle Kurt Loves you Mini. Come back home to us safely. Please lets find my niece."

Aquil went missing from her Pennsylvania home on Wednesday afternoon, according to her parents, with police in Penn Hills, Pennsylvania, saying she appeared to have been abducted by an ex-boyfriend.

Rodgers was convicted on charges of kidnapping a minor in January 2018, court records show.

Rodgers was sentenced in December to one year of probation and required to complete a batterer's intervention program, WTAE reported. He was also ordered to undergo a mental health evaluation and have no contact with the victim, according to the report.

Court records do not indicate the victim of the previous kidnapping.

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ABC/Lorenzo Bevilaqua(FOREST HILL, Texas) -- A pair of Texas politicians resigned after they allegedly misused public funds to attend an event on Michelle Obama's book tour.

Forest Hill, Texas, Mayor Lyndia Thomas and Mayor Pro Tem Beckie Hayes submitted their resignations on Wednesday, ahead of a public hearing over alleged misconduct and expenses related to the former first lady's book tour event in Dallas last year.

The pair allegedly received reimbursements for two $545 tickets for Obama's Becoming book tour. The expense was approved by the city manager, and Hayes received a check, but she said she paid it back when members of a citizens committee voiced concern.

Thomas said she resigned because she didn't want council members to decide her fate.

"I will not leave my fate in the hands of other individuals," Hayes told ABC affiliate WFAA-TV on Wednesday. "I am a woman of integrity, and the allegations, they have no substance. They are false."

Thomas had asked for a three-month extension to give her more time to prepare her case, but the city council voted to proceed with the Wednesday hearing.

The council said it planned to "discuss and consider possible action up to and including reprimand, suspension or removal from office," according to an agenda posted online.

Both Hayes and Thomas said they're being targeted for political reasons, and they both said they will plan to run for city council again. The next election is in May.

"We don't get a salary, but we are entitled to be reimbursed for our expenses," Thomas said. "We are not trying to hide anything."

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Metro Nashville Police Department(NASHVILLE, Tenn.) -- If the four oversized checked bags don't give you away, the drug sniffing dog will.

Two men found that out the hard way at Nashville International Airport this week when they allegedly tried to smuggle 159 pounds of marijuana through the city on their way to Jacksonville, Florida.

Trung Tieu, 40, of Philadelphia, and Tihn Van Tran, 56, of Murphy, Texas, were busted when a drug-sniffing German shepherd foiled their plans of transporting dozens of plastic bags of weed. The duo even went to the extreme of trying to mask the luggage's smell with the "strong odor of air freshener," Nashville police said.

Tieu and Tran were arrested Tuesday night. They are both facing felony possession of marijuana charges with intent to sell, according to court records.

Tran was released late Wednesday night, while Tieu is still being held on $50,000 bond.

Tieu is also being held on a detainer by Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), and is therefore not eligible for release.

Not only did the men have the four suitcases when they were stopped by police, but they also had cellphones that "rang constantly" throughout interviews with police. The men consented to police opening the luggage, where police said they found the dozens of bags of marijuana wrapped in bed sheets.

The two men were making a stopover in Nashville, Tennessee after getting off a Southwest flight from Oakland, California.

The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime estimates a wide range of prices for marijuana in the U.S. -- from $20 to $1,800 per ounce -- but even at its low range of $20 per ounce the haul confiscated by Nashville police would be worth over $50,000.

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wellesenterprises/iStock(EAST LANSING, Mich.) -- Michigan State University's interim president resigned on Wednesday amid backlash over comments he made about survivors of sexual assault.

John Engler said he would step down, effective Jan. 23, after he appeared to criticize victims of the now-imprisoned gymnastics doctor Larry Nassar.

The resignation came hours after Michigan State University's board of trustees scheduled an impromptu meeting for Thursday morning after Engler told The Detroit News that some Nassar survivors seemed to be "enjoying" the "spotlight."

"There are a lot of people who are touched by this, survivors who haven't been in the spotlight," Engler told The Detroit News earlier this week. "In some ways, they have been able to deal with this better than the ones who've been in the spotlight who are still enjoying that moment at times, you know, the awards and recognition. And it's ending. It's almost done."

Engler didn't mention the controversial comments in his resignation letter, but he acknowledged that five of the board's eight trustees had requested he step down.

"The bottom line is that MSU is a dramatically better, stronger institution than it was one year ago," Engler wrote in an 11-page letter on Wednesday. "The many changes we have made are substantive and offer far-reaching in their impact (sic). At the same time, our leaders across the university are energized, organized and communicating in far more effective ways than had been the case."

Engler, 70, took the helm on a temporary basis last January when the previous president, Lou Anna Simon, resigned in the wake of the Nassar scandal.

Satish Udpa, who currently serves as executive vice president of Administrative Services at MSU, is expected to be named as Engler's replacement, ABC affiliate WXYZ-TV reported, citing sources close to the matter.

Engler served as the Republican governor of Michigan from 1991 to 2003, and also worked as a lobbyist.

Nassar -- a former doctor at Michigan State and national medical coordinator for USA Gymnastics -- was sentenced to up to 175 years in state prison for criminal sexual conduct involving girls who were 15 years old or younger.

In all, Nassar committed thousands of sexual assaults beginning in the early 1990s and through the summer of 2016, according to an independent report, conducted by law firm Ropes & Gray last year.

"He abused some survivors one time, while abusing others hundreds of times over a period of many years," the report said. "With the cover he crafted, he became, in the words of one survivor, a 'wolf in sheep’s clothing,' who cloaked himself in the 'guise of a loving friend and medical professional.'"

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Evgen_Prozhyrko/iStock(ATLANTA) -- Federal authorities have arrested a man in Georgia who they are accusing of plotting to attack several prominent locations in Washington, D.C., including the White House.

Hasher Jallal Taheb had been under investigation by the FBI as part of a sting operation after local authorities reported concerns about him becoming radicalized last March, according to a criminal complaint filed in the federal court in the Northern District of Georgia in Atlanta on Wednesday.

A member of the community had reported to local law enforcement that Taheb had "become radicalized, changed his name and made plans to travel abroad," the complaint states.

Taheb applied for a U.S. passport in July, stating that he had misplaced his previous one, and in August he put his vehicle up for sale, telling an FBI informant who expressed interest in buying it that he was selling the car to fund his travel overseas, according to the complaint.

Taheb told the FBI informant in October during a meeting in Cumming, Georgia, that he "wished to conduct an attack in the United States against targets such as the White House and the Statue of Liberty," the document states. Taheb allegedly told the informant that "jihad was the best deed in Islam and the peak of Islam," adding that "it was not complicated at all to do jihad today," according to the complaint.

In a meeting with the informant and an undercover FBI agent on Dec. 2, Taheb allegedly stated that "they could do more damage" in the U.S. because abroad they would be "one of many." He also allegedly said that he wanted to be a “martyr” and cause as much damage as possible, the complaint states.

On Dec. 7, Taheb allegedly showed the undercover operative a hand-drawn diagram of the White House's West Wing in a composition notebook and asked for help with obtaining weapons and explosives for the attack, the complaint states.

"He said the group would fight to the end and make it a big bang," according to the document.

Two days later, Taheb allegedly asked the undercover agent via text how "grocery shopping" was and offered to go with him to purchase the weapons and explosives, the complaint states.

On Dec. 14, Taheb allegedly "broadened his prospective targets," indicating that he wished to attack the Washington Monument, the Lincoln Memorial and a "specific synagogue" in the Washington, D.C. area, which was not named, according to the complaint. He also discussed the need for a "base" where they could regroup and "give a speech to motivate people" and show clips of "oppressed Muslims," the document states.

The next day, he allegedly uploaded a 40-page manifesto he authored to Google Docs, which stated the importance of "defensive jihad" and included justifications for "creating and leading his group to conduct violent attacks," according to the complaint. He also created a group chat with the informant and undercover agent, where he would allegedly discuss his plans to attack in the following weeks.

Taheb allegedly met with the undercover agent on Jan. 9 and provided him with two backpacks, stating that he wanted to obtain the weapons within the next week and travel to Washington, D.C., the complaint states. Taheb allegedly told the undercover agent that the explosives would be inside the backpacks and would be detonated with cell phones.

On Saturday, Taheb allegedly met with the FBI informant, providing him with a camera, an American flag and an Israeli flag and stating that he wanted to conduct the attack on Thursday, according to the sworn affidavit.

Taheb, the informant and the undercover agent met in the parking lot of a store in Buford, Georgia, on Wednesday for the "purpose of exchanging their vehicles for three semi-automatic assault rifles, three explosive devices with remote initiation and one AT-4," a single-shot smoothbore weapon," the document states.

After a second confidential informant explained how to use the weapons, Taheb allegedly gave his car keys to him in exchange for them, according to the complaint.

Taheb was arrested after he allegedly took possession of the two backpacks containing the explosives and the AT-4 and placed them in a rental vehicle, the document states.

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Birmingham Police Department(NEW YORK) -- A 44-year-old Alabama father and husband with 16 years of experience. A 22-year-old California woman just weeks into the job.

Seven law enforcement officers were killed in the United States in the first two weeks of this year -- representing "seven shattered families, seven local communities that are grieving and seven work forces grieving and trying to compensate for having lost an officer," said Steve Groeninger, a spokesman for the National Law Enforcement Officers Memorial Fund.

But Groeninger said that statistic is, unfortunately, not unusual.

Four officers died in the first two weeks of 2018, half as many as the eight fatalities over that period in 2017, he said.

In 2016, only one officer was lost in that time.

"It ebbs and flows," Groeninger said, adding that he was a little surprised with how violent this year started. He was hopeful "we had turned a page."

But Groeninger said that statistic is, unfortunately, not unusual.

Four officers died in the first two weeks of 2018, half as many as the eight fatalities over that period in 2017, he said.

In 2016, only one officer was lost in that time.

"It ebbs and flows," Groeninger said, adding that he was a little surprised with how violent this year started. He was hopeful "we had turned a page."

'We lost a brother'

Some of these seven killings were especially brutal.

When 22-year-old Davis, California, police officer Natalie Corona was ambushed and shot dead on Jan. 10, the shooter unloaded an entire magazine, even after she had fallen to the ground, according to police.

 “She was just an absolute star in the department," said Davis Police Chief Darren Pytel. "Someone that pretty much every department member looked to as a close friend, a sister."

In Arizona, the killing of a Salt River Police officer appears to have been accidental.

Officer Clayton Townsend, a young father, was conducting a traffic stop on Jan. 8 when he was struck and killed by a distracted driver who was allegedly texting, according to Arizona Department of Public Safety officials.

And in Louisiana, the Jan. 9 slaying of Shreveport police officer Chateri Payne appears to have been unrelated to her profession.

Payne was in uniform, heading to work before the start of her shift, when she was shot dead, allegedly by her live-in boyfriend, authorities said Wednesday.

Payne, a 22-year-old mother, had been working as an officer for less than two months at the time of her death.

"We may never know whether Officer Payne's chosen profession contributed to her death, but we do know a uniformed police officer was killed moments before beginning her shift," Shreveport Police Chief Ben Raymond said.

The seventh fatality of the year came Sunday morning when Birmingham police Sgt. Wytasha Carter was gunned down while responding to car burglaries.

The slain sergeant was a 44-year-old father and husband. A "natural-born leader," he had 16 years of law enforcement experience, Birmingham Police Chief Patrick Smith told reporters Sunday with tears in his eyes.

“Everybody is just hurt right now," said Carter's supervisor, Lt. Shelia Finney. "We lost a brother."

A 'dangerous, stressful environment'

Hours after Carter was killed, police chiefs voiced their outrage over the growing fatalities.

"The level of violence directed at the police in the first few days of 2019 is alarming," Arlington, Texas, police chief Will Johnson tweeted Sunday.

 Steve Dye, police chief in Grand Prairie, Texas, added Monday, "Our society needs to collectively wake up and stand against the lack of hesitancy to kill or attempt to kill those who protect this country from chaos and disorder."

"In my time as chief of detectives I investigated six deaths of police officers in the line of duty," said former New York Police chief of detectives Robert Boyce, now an ABC News contributor. "It's the worst thing you can do because you see yourself in them. ... These men and women put their lives on the line each day."

John Cohen, a former acting undersecretary at the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and current ABC News contributor, called the seven back-to-back deaths a "dangerous, stressful environment for law enforcement officers to operate in."

That, combined with the fact that the overall number of law enforcement deaths in 2018 increased from 2017, has left officers "very concerned about the impact that this trend will have on police officer safety and mental health," Cohen said.

"The challenge here is that if you're operating in an environment where you know that acts of violence against police officers have increased, you're going to respond to day-to-day situations in a more cautious, and maybe even reactive, way," Cohen said.

Officers may be more assertive when giving instructions, or react more quickly to perceived threatening movements, Cohen explained, and "the concern is that in doing that, situations may escalate and actually turn into confrontations [between police and the public] that in the past wouldn't."

'The public needs to be aware'

To Cohen, public education is a step in the right direction.

"The public needs to be aware that increasingly police officers are on the receiving end of violent attacks," he said. "They should also understand why police officers do what they do."

For example, he said, a driver pulled over for speeding may feel an officer walking over with his hand on his gun is "excessive," but from that officer's perspective, it's "rational," because he's working in an environment where there's an increased threat to his safety.

"It also points to the importance of strong, trusting relationships between law enforcement professionals and community members," Cohen said, suggesting departments "don't wait until a situation becomes violent to form those relationships."

Despite the ever-present threat, Boyce said the possibly of violence doesn't deter officers on the streets each day.

"It's not something that weighs too heavily on you, because you won't be able to do your job," Boyce said.

"You live with that and you know it," Boyce said, and aided by training and equipment, "you go to work anyway and do your job anyway."

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Imagno / Contributor via Getty Images(NEW YORK) -- It's been 100 years since Prohibition threatened the future of the country's happy hours and margarita taco nights.

In 1919, the United States of America was going through an identity crisis.

The 18th Amendment, which forbade the making, selling or transportation of "intoxicating liquors," was ratified on Jan. 16, 1919, and took effect a year later.

Politicians voted to enact Prohibition as a "noble experiment" to reduce crime, solve social problems, reduce the tax burden created by prisons and poorhouses and improve Americans' health, according to an analysis on the Prohibition era by the Cato Institute, which characterized the effort as a "miserable failure on all counts."

The amendment was championed by the temperance movement, which mainly was supported by women who saw alcohol as a destroyer of families. They carried signs saying, "Lips that touch liquor shall not touch ours," according to the National Archives.

The Volstead Act, which went into effect on Oct. 28, 1919, gave states and federal government the ability to enforce the ban via "appropriate legislation," according to the National Archives.

Even though the 18th Amendment didn't prohibit citizens from consuming alcohol, it still was responsible for a "major and permanent shift in American social life," according to The Mob Museum. The consumption of alcohol fell at the beginning of Prohibition, but it increased soon after, according to the Cato Institute.

Many loopholes surrounding the law emerged, and people who wanted to consume liquor had to buy it from licensed druggists for "medicinal purposes," clergymen for "religious" purposes and bootleggers -- or illegal sellers -- the museum said in the online article, "Speakeasies Were Prohibition's Worst-Kept Secrets."

After Prohibition's inception, speakeasies flourished. The illicit venues multiplied in urban cities and ranged from "fancy clubs with jazz bands" to basements and ballroom dance floors, according to The Mob Museum. They also welcomed women, ending the segregated-by-sexes drinking of yesteryear, the museum said.

It's estimated that Al Capone, the leader of the Chicago Outfit, made $60 million a year by supplying illegal beer and liquor to 10,000 speakeasies in the late 1920s, according to The Mob Museum.

Prohibition was repealed Dec. 5, 1933, when the 21st Amendment was ratified, meaning the beginning of licensed barrooms, where liquor and beer is regulated and taxed.

At the time, according to the National Archives, President Franklin D. Roosevelt said, "What America needs now is a drink."

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youngvet/iStock(CHICAGO) -- A woman is suing an Illinois sheriff and several of his officers, claiming she was forcibly stripped naked and unlawfully detained in jail for nearly 12 hours.

The alleged incident happened at the LaSalle County Jail on Jan. 20, 2017, after 28-year-old Zandrea Askew was detained early that morning on charges of driving under the influence and resisting arrest. The LaSalle County State's Attorney dismissed the charges 18 months later, according to court documents obtained by ABC News.

The lawsuit filed Tuesday states that Askew, an African American Marine Corps veteran who was honorably discharged in 2015, was "falsely arrested" after passing all field sobriety tests and demonstrating no signs of being under the influence of alcohol or drugs. Askew, who claims she cooperated with the officers and complied with all their commands, was taken to the jail where she wasn't given an opportunity to post bail and was "forcibly dragged" into a cell, according to the complaint.

The lawsuit claims several officers then slammed Askew to the ground and physically restrained her, causing bodily harm. They "forcibly and maliciously stripped" all of her clothes and undergarments from her body and "violently pulled" her hair, causing further pain and injury, according to the complaint.

"There was no legitimate or necessary law enforcement, safety or penological objective to forcibly stripping [Askew] of her clothing. The only objective of the officers was to punish, harass, humiliate, degrade, and inflict physical and psychological pain," the lawsuit states. "The officers’ conduct in stripping [Askew] of her clothing was intentionally demeaning, dehumanizing, undignified, humiliating, terrifying, embarrassing and degrading."

The LaSalle County Sheriff's Office declined to comment on the lawsuit "as per request of our attorneys" and directed any request for information to the LaSalle County State's Attorney Karen Donnelly, who did not immediately respond to ABC News' email Wednesday morning.

The jail where Askew was detained was equipped with video surveillance that recorded the incident, according to the complaint.

"This attack and stripping occurred in the presence and/or with the knowledge of other LaSalle County officers," the complaint states. "None of the officers attempted to stop the vicious attack on [Askew] despite the fact that it occurred over several minutes and [she] was crying out in extreme distress, pain and fear during the attack."

The officers released Askew from custody almost 12 hours after her arrest, according to the lawsuit.

"You cannot strip people and treat them like animals because they defy your authority," Askew's attorney, Terry Ekl, told ABC's Chicago station WLS

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